Positioning actuators in efficient locations for rendering the desired sound field using inverse approach

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For rendering a desired characteristics of a sound field, a proper conditioning of acoustic actuators in an array are required, but the source condition depends strongly on its position. Actuators located at inefficient positions for control would consume the input power too much or become too much sensitive to disturbing noise. These actuators can be considered redundant, which should be sorted out as far as such elimination does not damage the whole control performance significantly It is known that the inverse approach based on the acoustical holography concept, employing the transfer matrix between sources and field points as core element, is useful for rendering the desired sound field. By investigating the information indwelling in the transfer matrix between actuators and field points, the linear independency of an actuator from the others in the array can be evaluated. To this end, the square of the right singular vector, which means the radiation contribution horn the source, can be used as an indicator. Inefficient position for fulfilling the desired sound field can be determined as one having smallest indicator value among all possible actuator positions. The elimination process continues one by one, or group by group, until the remaining number of actuators meets the preset number. Control examples of exterior and interior spaces are taken for the validation. The results reveal that the present method for choosing least dependent actuators, for a given number of actuators and field condition, is quite effective in realizing the desired sound field with a noisy input condition, and in minimizing the required input power.
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2015-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ORBIT MODAL IDENTIFICATION; LARGE SPACE STRUCTURES; ACOUSTIC SOURCE STRENGTH; SENSOR PLACEMENT; INTEGRAL-EQUATION; REPRODUCTION; SYSTEMS; DESIGN

Citation

JOURNAL OF SOUND AND VIBRATION, v.358, pp.1 - 19

ISSN
0022-460X
DOI
10.1016/j.jsv.2015.07.037
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/205145
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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