The Validity of Quasi-Steady-State Approximations in Discrete Stochastic Simulations

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In biochemical networks, reactions often occur on disparate timescales and can be characterized as either fast or slow. The quasi-steady-state approximation (QSSA) utilizes timescale separation to project models of biochemical networks onto lower-dimensional slow manifolds. As a result, fast elementary reactions are not modeled explicitly, and their effect is captured by nonelementary reaction-rate functions (e.g., Hill functions). The accuracy of the QSSA applied to deterministic systems depends on how well timescales are separated. Recently, it has been proposed to use the nonelementary rate functions obtained via the deterministic QSSA to define propensity functions in stochastic simulations of biochemical networks. In this approach, termed the stochastic QSSA, fast reactions that are part of nonelementary reactions are not simulated, greatly reducing computation time. However, it is unclear when the stochastic QSSA provides an accurate approximation of the original stochastic simulation. We show that, unlike the deterministic QSSA, the validity of the stochastic QSSA does not follow from timescale separation alone, but also depends on the sensitivity of the nonelementary reaction rate functions to changes in the slow species. The stochastic QSSA becomes more accurate when this sensitivity is small. Different types of QSSAs result in nonelementary functions with different sensitivities, and the total QSSA results in less sensitive functions than the standard or the prefactor QSSA. We prove that, as a result, the stochastic QSSA becomes more accurate when nonelementary reaction functions are obtained using the total QSSA. Our work provides an apparently novel condition for the validity of the QSSA in stochastic simulations of biochemical reaction networks with disparate timescales.
Publisher
CELL PRESS
Issue Date
2014-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

LINEAR NOISE APPROXIMATION; BIOCHEMICAL NETWORKS; CHEMICAL-KINETICS; GENETIC NETWORKS; FLUCTUATIONS; ASSUMPTION; SEPARATION; REDUCTION; DYNAMICS; SYSTEMS

Citation

BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.107, no.3, pp.783 - 793

ISSN
0006-3495
DOI
10.1016/j.bpj.2014.06.012
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/203038
Appears in Collection
MA-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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