The task for the Korean governmental R&D projects lies in including workable results effectively and promoting their transfer to the industrial sector for commercialization. The present paper proposes a strategic R&D manage-ment system for governmental projects that will help achieve this purpose. The strategic R&D management system is to manage the life cycle of researchers, and is designed to give incentives to researchers. In fact, the researchers are at the core of the system. One of its two subsystems accommodates the cultural gap between researchers and enterprises, while the other provides strategic planning and control which assume direct participation o enterprises. The subsystems present such concepts as R&D information market, information brokers, privi-ledged research groups, strategic partnering of researchers with enterprises or industries, patents as an evaluation tool, researcher management through expenditure as R&D costs (as opposed to grants), and profits as an incentive. Those concepts are important elements in achieving the national strategic goals.