Quantitative Analysis of Fish Schooling Behavior with Different Numbers of Medaka (Oryzias latipes) and Goldfish (Carassius auratus)

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Fish form schools of various sizes, according to species or environmental conditions, to attain several advantages, such as protection from predators or to improve efficiency in searching for prey. Thus, quantifying the mechanisms of how group size affects schooling behavior may contribute to better understanding fish biology and the evolution of the collective behavior of fishes. In the present study, we explored how school size affected the behavior of medaka (Oryzias latipes) and goldfish (Carassius auratus). Size groups of 10 to 40 individuals were placed in a circular aquarium (100 cm diameter, 30 cm height, 5 cm water depth) and videoed for 4 hours. Eight to 10 video clips of 3 seconds in length for each group size were evaluated for 6 physical parameters of fish schooling behavior. Regardless of species, the mean distance among individuals increased with increasing school size. However, due to variations in certain physical parameters, the schooling pattern of goldfish was more elongated than medaka, possibly related to body size, or indicating species-specific differences in schooling characteristics. Our experimental datasets could be incorporated into theoretical mathematical models of fish schooling behavior, by contributing new information about school size and species differences.
Publisher
KOREA OCEAN RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT INST
Issue Date
2012-12
Language
Korean
Article Type
Article
Citation

OCEAN SCIENCE JOURNAL, v.47, no.4, pp.445 - 451

ISSN
1738-5261
DOI
10.1007/s12601-012-0040-4
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/194886
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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