Solution to the SLAM Problem in Low Dynamic Environments Using a Pose Graph and an RGB-D Sensor

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In this study, we propose a solution to the simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) problem in low dynamic environments by using a pose graph and an RGB-D (red-green-blue depth) sensor. The low dynamic environments refer to situations in which the positions of objects change over long intervals. Therefore, in the low dynamic environments, robots have difficulty recognizing the repositioning of objects unlike in highly dynamic environments in which relatively fast-moving objects can be detected using a variety of moving object detection algorithms. The changes in the environments then cause groups of false loop closing when the same moved objects are observed for a while, which means that conventional SLAM algorithms produce incorrect results. To address this problem, we propose a novel SLAM method that handles low dynamic environments. The proposed method uses a pose graph structure and an RGB-D sensor. First, to prune the falsely grouped constraints efficiently, nodes of the graph, that represent robot poses, are grouped according to the grouping rules with noise covariances. Next, false constraints of the pose graph are pruned according to an error metric based on the grouped nodes. The pose graph structure is reoptimized after eliminating the false information, and the corrected localization and mapping results are obtained. The performance of the method was validated in real experiments using a mobile robot system.
Publisher
MDPI AG
Issue Date
2014-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

LOCALIZATION

Citation

SENSORS, v.14, no.7, pp.12467 - 12496

ISSN
1424-8220
DOI
10.3390/s140712467
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/193042
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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