Trajectory-Based Road-Geometry and Crash-Risk Estimation with Smartphone-Assisted Sensor Networks

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As mobile devices came into wide use, it became practical to collect travel data in personal logs. Many studies have been conducted to extract meaningful information from this trend. In this study, we present a system for monitoring road-geometry and crash-risk estimation, based on trajectories created using a smartphone-aided sensor network. The proposed system consists of a number of node vehicles with smartphone applications for GPS data collection and a map server which aggregates the collected GPS trajectories and estimates road conditions. In order to estimate road geometry and crash risk information, the trajectories were segmented and categorized into groups according to their headings. Based on the processed trajectories, the geometry of the road section was estimated using the principal curve method. The crash risk of the road section was estimated from the constructed road geometry and the density map of the trajectories. Our system was evaluated using bicycle trajectories collected from segregated bicycle tracks in Seoul, Korea. Constructed geometry and crash-risk information of the track was compared with real track geometry and crash data. As a result, the estimated road geometry showed over 74% similarity and the calculated crash risk (61%) matched the real crash data.
Publisher
HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORPORATION
Issue Date
2014-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

GPS DATA; CURVES

Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISTRIBUTED SENSOR NETWORKS

ISSN
1550-1329
DOI
10.1155/2014/943845
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/188955
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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