An international comparative analysis of public acceptance of nuclear energy

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Across the globe, public acceptance of nuclear power is a crucial factor for governmental establishment of a nuclear energy program. Therefore, it is important to understand the determinants of public acceptance of nuclear power. This study examines the effects of knowledge, trust, risk, and benefit related factors on public acceptance of nuclear power across 19 countries. We consider three levels of public acceptance - strongly accept, reluctantly accept, and oppose - and classify countries into four groups according to the ratio of those three levels of public acceptance. Our results indicate that knowledge of nuclear inspection is more effective than trust in inspection authorities in creating stronger public acceptance among people in the countries with a high level of reluctant acceptance and a low level of strong acceptance, while trust in inspection authorities is more important than knowledge of nuclear inspection for the selection between opposition and reluctant acceptance in countries with a low level of reluctant acceptance and a high level of strong acceptance. Without grouping the countries, we found that trust in inspection authorities is crucial for the decision between opposition and reluctant acceptance. Additionally, the generation of electricity has the most positive effect on public acceptance of nuclear power.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2014-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

CLIMATE-CHANGE; POWER; RISK; MODEL; TRUST; PERCEPTION; SECURITY; CHERNOBYL; ACCIDENT; HAZARDS

Citation

ENERGY POLICY, v.66, pp.475 - 483

ISSN
0301-4215
DOI
10.1016/j.enpol.2013.11.039
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/188838
Appears in Collection
MG-Journal Papers(저널논문)MT-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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