Selective surface modification of silicon nanowires by using nanoscale joule heating and its sensor application = 나노스케일 줄 가열을 이용한 실리콘 나노와이어의 선택적 표면 개질 및 센서에의 응용

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Since the last decade, one-dimensional nanostructures such as nanowires, nanotubes, and nanobelts have been investigated for sensor applications. Silicon nanowire based sensors have been developed by many groups and it was found that pristine silicon nanowires have sensitivities to some chemicals (pH and NO2 gas) but low selectivities. However, surface modification of silicon nanowires have shown to enhance both the sensitivities and selectivities to the bio molecules (DNA, protein, virus and etc.) or chemicals (hydrogen and ozone). In this thesis, two novel methods for selective surface modification of silicon nanowires are proposed. One method for selective surface modification of silicon nanowires is based on the selective and localized PMMA thermal decomposition by using Joule heating of silicon nanowire, metal layer deposition, and lift-off process. Another method is based on the direct hydrothermal synthesis of metal nanoparticles selectively and locally on silicon nanowires by using Joule heating of silicon nanowires. According to simulation results, it was observed that silicon nanowires could be locally heated with high temperature (Tmax=363 K by applying electrical bias of 30 V across 4 um long silicon nanowire in air environment) by Joule heating of the nanowires. Feasibility of the developed methods for selective surface modification was confirmed by decoration of palladium (Pd) nanoparticles on silicon nanowires. The silicon nanowires decorated with Pd nanoparticles were used as hydrogen sensors. The sensor showed sensitivity of ΔR/R0=70% and response time of τ10-90%=750 seconds to 0.5% of hydrogen gas. Also, it was found that the self-heating of the silicon nanowires can enhance the response time. (38.3 times faster than without self-heating) In addition, multiplexed silicon nanowire array decorated with different metal nanoparticles (Au and Pd) was fabricated by a repeated process of PMMA decomposition, metal layer deposition, and lift-off proc...
Advisors
Park, In-Kyuresearcher박인규
Description
한국과학기술원 : 기계공학전공,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2013
Identifier
514886/325007  / 020113402
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 기계공학전공, 2013.2, [ vi, 56 p. ]

Keywords

Selective Surface Modification; Nanoparticle Decoration; Hydrothermal Reaction; Silicon Nanowire; Localized Joule Heating; Hydrogen Sensor; 국부적 줄 가열; 실리콘 나노와이어; 열수화학 반응; 나노입자 데코레이션; 선택적 표면 개질; 수소 센서; 나노와이어 센서; Nanowire Sensor

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/181758
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=514886&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
ME-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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