Liquid-crystal periodic zigzags from geometrical and surface-anchoring-induced confinement: Origin and internal structure from mesoscopic scale to molecular level

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We figured out periodic undulations of lamellae "zigzags" in liquid crystals under confinement by glass and patterned silicon hybrid cell, but in the absence of applied fields. The optical and internal structures of zigzags have been investigated from mesoscopic scale to molecular level by convoluting real and reciprocal space probes, such as polarized light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and microbeam x-ray diffraction. The homeotropic anchoring happens at air/liquid crystal, while planar one appears at glass or patterned silicon surfaces. The wetting and displacement of lamellae near the glass surface give rise to tilting and bending in the stacking of lamellae. This can provide a solution for the origin of periodic zigzags: asymmetric strain exerted to lamellae at two-dimensional glass surface and one-dimensional-like pattern. This can give a hint for potential photonic applications such as optical gratings and modulators due to its high periodicity.
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Issue Date
2010-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

BLOCK-COPOLYMERS; LIGHT-SCATTERING; GRAPHOEPITAXY; INSTABILITY; DEFECTS; CHEVRON; LAYERS

Citation

PHYSICAL REVIEW E, v.82, no.4

ISSN
1539-3755
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/101860
Appears in Collection
NT-Journal Papers(저널논문)BiS-Journal Papers(저널논문)PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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