Analysis of an extended chromosome locus 2p14-21 for replication of the 2p16.3 association with glaucoma susceptibility

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Purpose: Susceptibility to primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) has recently associated with three intergenic single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on human chromosome 2p16.3, just outside of the POAG-linkage locus GLC1H (2p15-16.2), in an Afro-Caribbean population. Especially, association of one SNP (rs12994401) was very strong (odds ratio 35) and later replicated in Afro-Americans but not in Ghanaians or Japanese. An extended region was examined in this study to look for SNPs of cross-population association. Methods: The three reported SNPs and all 63 SNPs considerably correlating with rs12994401 (r(2)>= 0.3) in the African-descendent Yoruba were examined for POAG susceptibility association in a Korean population of 1,159 unrelated participants including 226 cases with glaucoma. As these 66 SNPs were spread from 2p14 to 2p21, all SNPs in this extended region were imputed for susceptibility association tests. Results: No susceptibility association was detected with rs12994401 in comparisons between 933 controls and 188 POAG (or 175 high-tension glaucoma) cases (statistical power of 100%), as well as with all 19 other typed SNPs, using logistic regression with adjustment for age and gender. The other 46 SNPs were deemed non-polymorphic in Koreans. Among 21,201 SNPs located in 2p14-21, only 4,260 were imputed to be non-monomorphic, but none of them passed a significance level of multiple testing. No association was observed when the samples were stratified by age or gender. Conclusions: No typed or imputed SNPs within 2p14-21 showed association with susceptibility to POAG, suggesting that the population inconsistency in 2p16.3 association was unlikely due to linkage disequilibrium differences.
Publisher
MOLECULAR VISION
Issue Date
2011-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

OPEN-ANGLE GLAUCOMA; GENOME-WIDE SCAN; VISUAL IMPAIRMENT; RISK-FACTORS; GENE; IDENTIFICATION; VARIANTS; BARBADOS; POAG; MAPS

Citation

MOLECULAR VISION, v.17, no.128, pp.1136 - 1143

ISSN
1090-0535
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/101409
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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