A BPF-FBP tandem algorithm for image reconstruction in reverse helical cone-beam CT

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Purpose: Reverse helical cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a scanning configuration for potential applications in image-guided radiation therapy in which an accurate anatomic image of the patient is needed for image-guidance procedures. The authors previously developed an algorithm for image reconstruction from nontruncated data of an object that is completely within the reverse helix. The purpose of this work is to develop an image reconstruction approach for reverse helical CBCT of a long object that extends out of the reverse helix and therefore constitutes data truncation. Methods: The proposed approach comprises of two reconstruction steps. In the first step, a chord-based backprojection-filtration (BPF) algorithm reconstructs a volumetric image of an object from the original cone-beam data. Because there exists a chordless region in the middle of the reverse helix, the image obtained in the first step contains an unreconstructed central-gap region. In the second step, the gap region is reconstructed by use of a Pack-Noo-formula-based filteredback-projection (FBP) algorithm from the modified cone-beam data obtained by subtracting from the original cone-beam data the reprojection of the image reconstructed in the first step. Results: The authors have performed numerical studies to validate the proposed approach in image reconstruction from reverse helical cone-beam data. The results confirm that the proposed approach can reconstruct accurate images of a long object without suffering from data-truncation artifacts or cone-angle artifacts. Conclusions: They developed and validated a BPF-FBP tandem algorithm to reconstruct images of a long object from reverse helical cone-beam data. The chord-based BPF algorithm was utilized for converting the long-object problem into a short-object problem. The proposed approach is applicable to other scanning configurations such as reduced circular sinusoidal trajectories. (C) 2010 American Association of Physicists in Medicine. [DOI: 10.1118/1.3263618]
Publisher
AMER ASSOC PHYSICISTS MEDICINE AMER INST PHYSICS
Issue Date
2010-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

GUIDED RADIATION-THERAPY; FILTERED BACKPROJECTION; PI-LINES

Citation

MEDICAL PHYSICS, v.37, no.1, pp.32 - 39

ISSN
0094-2405
DOI
10.1118/1.3263618
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/100608
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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