Synthesis of mesoporous carbons with controllable N-content and their supercapacitor properties

A synthesis route to ordered mesoporous carbons with controllable nitrogen content has been developed for high-performance EDLC electrodes. Nitrogen-doped ordered mesoporous carbons (denoted as NMC) were prepared by carbonizing a mixture of two different carbon sources within the mesoporous silica designated by KIT-6. Furfuryl alcohol was used as a primary carbon precursor, and melamine as a nitrogen dopant. This synthesis procedure gave cubic Ia3d mesoporous carbons containing nitrogen as much as 13%. The carbon exhibited a narrow pore size distribution centered at 3-4 nm with large pore volume (0.6-1 cm(3) g(-1)) and high specific BET surface area (700-1000 m(2) g(-1)). Electrochemical behaviors of the NMC samples with various N-contents were investigated by a two-electrode measurement system at aqueous solutions. At low current density, the NMC exhibited markedly increasing capacitance due to the increase in the nitrogen content. This result could be attributed to the enhanced surface affinity between carbon electrode and electrolyte ions due to the hydrophilic nitrogen functional groups. At high current density conditions, the NMC samples exhibited decreasing specific capacitance against the increase in the nitrogen content. The loss of the capacitance with the N-content may be explained by high electric resistance which causes a significant IR drop at high current densities. The present results indicate that the optimal nitrogen content is required for achieving high power and high energy density simultaneously.
Publisher
KOREAN CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2008-02
Language
ENG
Keywords

NITROGEN; PERFORMANCE; CAPACITORS; ELECTRODES; ADSORPTION; STORAGE; ENERGY

Citation

BULLETIN OF THE KOREAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, v.29, no.2, pp.413 - 416

ISSN
0253-2964
DOI
10.5012/bkcs.2008.29.2.413
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/10040
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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